Anxiety is a feeling of intense, extensive and persistent fear and worry about daily activities which is difficult to control and can get worse over time if left untreated. At times, anxiety involves repeated occurrences of sudden feelings of worry and fear that can escalate to high level within minutes (panic attacks). Some of the common symptoms of anxiety are an increased heart rate, sweating, restlessness, and trouble in concentrating, sleep disorder and many more.
As per latest data received from the World Health Organization, women are more prone to face anxiety in their daily activities as compared to their male counterpart. Anxiety is the most common mental illness in the india affecting approximately 38 million adults aged above 18 years every year.
Occasional anxiety is expressed by every individual but symptoms of anxiety disorder include social anxiety disorder (social phobia), generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobias, separation anxiety disorder, or a combination of any of these. Most of the anxiety treatment centers in India, especially in Delhi offer medication, psychotherapy, or combinations of both to treat anxiety disorder.
As mentioned in the introductory section, anxiety can of different types and thus the symptoms also vary depending on the type of anxiety.
Generalized Anxiety consists of the following symptoms:
Panic Disorder consists of the following symptoms:
Social Anxiety Disorder consists of the following symptoms:
Phobia-related Disorder consists of the following symptoms:
Social Anxiety Disorder consists of the following symptoms:
Separation Anxiety Disorder consists of the following symptoms:
Though researchers have not yet identified the exact cause of anxiety, several factors contribute to generation of this mental disorder which are illustrated below:
Genetics: The genes of an individual play an important role in the occurrence of anxiety.
Brain chemistry: Faulty circuits in the brain may trigger fear and emotions related to anxiety disorder.
Environmental stress: Stressful events encountered by an individual during his/ her lifetime contribute to anxiety, which may include childhood abuse and neglect, sudden death of a family member or loved ones, or witnessing violence or being attacked.
Chemical imbalance: Long lasting or severe stress can alter the chemical balance controlling mood. Experiencing stress for a prolonged period can lead to anxiety.
Drug misuse: Certain drugs or substances are used to decrease certain anxiety symptoms of which alcohol and cocaine deserves special mention.
Medical condition: Certain medical problems namely heart diseases, thyroid condition, respiratory disorder, diabetes, etc can cause anxiety disorder or worsen anxiety symptoms.
Based on symptoms health care providers offering anxiety treatment in Delhi will examine the patient and ask questions about his/ her medical history. Psychologist in Delhi and adjoining areas can diagnose anxiety and provide psychotherapy.
For diagnosis of anxiety, psychiatrist may:
Give a psychological evaluation: In this process, best psychiatrist in Delhi discuss the thoughts, feelings, and behaviour of the patient to diagnose the problem and check for related complication. Anxiety comes in combination with other mental health problems viz. depression/ substance misuse making detection of the disorder more challenging.
Compare symptoms with the criteria in the DSM-5: Mental Health care providers use the criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) for diagnosing anxiety disorder.
Most mental clinics or hospitals offering anxiety treatment in Delhi prescribe psychotherapy/ medications or a combination of both depending on the condition of the patient.
Psychotherapy: Also called talk therapy or psychological counselling, this treatment involves learning how the emotions of a patient affects his/ her behaviour. It is considered an effective treatment for anxiety disorder.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): This is the most effective form of psychotherapy that teaches an individual suffering from anxiety disorder to turn negative thoughts and behaviours into positive ones. In this treatment, the patient learn ways to approach and manage troublesome and fearful situation efficiently. Some clinics for anxiety treatment in Delhi also offer family CBT sessions as a long-term solution.
Medications: Various types of medications are applied for anxiety treatment in Delhi based on the type of anxiety disorder.
Antidepressants: Certain antidepressants (SSRIs and SNRIs) are prescribed by best psychiatrists in Delhi to treat anxiety disorder. Escitalopram (Lexapro) and fluoxetine (Prozac) belong to the SSRIs family while duloxetine (Cymbalta) and venlafaxine (Effexor) belong to SNRIs.
Bupropion: It is an anti-anxiety medication used to treat chronic anxiety and works in a different manner than SNRIs and SSRIs.
Benzodiazepines: Patients with persistent anxiety or panic feelings are prescribed such medicines. alprazolam (Xanax) and clonazepam (Klonopin) are examples of benzodiazepines. These are prescribed as an add-on to other anxiety treatment and should not be consumed for a prolonged period to avoid dependency.
Beta-blockers: For symptoms like increased heart rate, or shaking, such type of high blood pressure drug is prescribed by mental health care providers. These offer patients relaxation during acute anxiety attack.
Anticonvulsants: These medications are prescribed for epilepsy patients to prevent seizures. In addition, for treating anxiety disorder, psychiatrist at times prescribe these medicines.
Antipsychotics: These medications are prescribed in low doses along with other treatments for better and fast result.
Buspirone (BuSpar): These medications are prescribed to treat chronic anxiety and to be consumed for atleast few weeks to get full symptom relief.
Though medications and counselling can provide relief from anxiety disorder, few changes in your daily routine, for instance staying active, avoiding alcohol and recreational drugs, following a healthy food habit and getting enough sleep can do wonders and keep away all such disorders.